A lot of people don't know that diamonds actually have a lot of characteristics. And you may have been one of those people, and that's okay!
So, what exactly kind of characteristics make up a diamond, and how do these affect its quality and value? The main characteristics are called the 4 Cs of a diamonds: Carat, Clarity, Color and Cut
Carat is the term used for measurements of precious stones and pearls. It's equivalent to 200 milligrams. It is important to note that carat is used as a measurement for weight and not size. Well that makes no sense, all 1 carat diamonds will look the same! No, they wont. The reason has to do with each diamond's proportions. A 1 carat round diamond with ideal proportions will appear larger than a 1 carat round diamond with a high depth ratio. The image below is for reference only, and may not reflect "true to life" size, but you can see from the image that a 1 carat diamond is not half the size of a 2 carat diamond with the same proportions.
Clarity is pretty straightforward. Every diamond has a unique complexion. If you were to look at a diamond closely, you might notice some sparkle brighter than others. The main reason for a diamond's ability to reflect light and create sparkle, is its clarity. Imperfections inside a diamond are referred to as feathers and inclusions. Feathers are tiny cracks within a diamonds, and inclusions are impurities in a diamond (usually dark colored) that were trapped during the diamond's development.
Did you know that diamonds could actually be different colors? Not all diamonds are the pretty bluish white hue we so regularly see. Color in diamonds is graded from D to Z, D being absolutely colorless and Z being light yellow or brown. Anything past Z is considered a "Fancy Colored" diamond, and also includes any color that is not yellow or brown.
Last but not least, the cut of a diamond. The cut of a diamond is a key component to its overall appearance. A large, colorless, and flawless diamond will look absolutely lackluster and dull if it was cut poorly. A cut will also help determine a diamond's ability to reflect light and create sparkle that everyone so loves!